Probleme si amenintari
AP in lume
AP in Romānia
Baza de date a AP
Amenintari asupra AP
Institutii & Organizatii
Opinii & Idei
The habitat types protected within the Retezat National Park represent the particular range of habitats characteristic for this specific biogeographical region. Therefore, the areal-geographical analysis of the existent flora in Retezat N.P. , emphasizes the general euroasiatic (44%) background, upon which in different phyto-hystorical phases have interfered
the following elements: circumpolar (13%), alpine (9%), european (12%), southern (6%), endemics (7.2%), policore (3.4%) and adventive (1.4%). This analysis make a clear conformation, from the phyto-geographical point of view, of the Retezat N.P. belonging to the euro-siberian
region, the east-carpathian central-European sub-region, the Middle Carpathians unit.
The variate range of elements existent here, as a consequence of the different climatic influences and of the natural corridors which facilitated during the time their dispersal, have given a particular significance of the area within the origin region, in terms of important changes in structure and associated species. The vegetation is very rich because of its location between different vegetational provinces ( central European, Iliric, Balkan, Charpathian and Moesian ) and there are some endemic species.
Generally, Retezat national Park have not been exposed to human intervention, preserving its natural habitats, due to the
fact that up to 1935 a big part of area was a royal territory for hunting and in 1935 was the first legally established national park in Romania. Its strictly protected area Gemenele shelters a natural prymary forest, totally unaffected, one of the last remained.
Flora - The general flora
background is eurasiatic (44%) and from all the species identified in the area 5.2% are
endemic. Thirty nine species are endemic to Retezat alone and one (Draba dorneri) covers
just 400 sq.m. of earth! In the studies made on Retezat Mountain flora were identified 2
new for science taxons belonging to Briophyta.